Learning2gether Episode 96
Paper presented at the international TESOL Convention, Philadelphia, March 31, 2012 by
English teacher coordinator, UAE Naval College HCT / ADMC / CERT & Coordinator for Webheads in Action
This posting TinyURL: tesol2012vance
On March 9, 2012, a version of this paper entitled “Learning2gether: Wiki-based worldwide teacher professional development” was presented at the annual TESOL Arabia conference in Dubai.
Abstract: Learning2Gether is a wiki where teachers organize free weekly online professional development seminars. Participation is worldwide, but sessions are coordinated with TAEDTECH-SIG, recorded, and podcast. This talk explains how Learning2Gether came about, and how it draws on and expands its participants’ personal learning networks to model peer-to-peer informal lifelong learning.
Summary: Learning2Gether is a wiki which, since September 2010, has served to organize teachers in meeting online at regular times weekly to conduct free ‘class-roots’ professional development seminars and discuss topics of mutual interest to teachers of ESOL in particular and educators in general. Presenters and participants range from expert to those merely interested in the topics. Participants come from all over the world, but from its inception there has been an effort to involve teaching practitioners in Arab countries through coordination with the TESOL Arabia TAEDTECH-SIG. Sessions are recorded, and a growing archive of recorded resources is accumulating at the associated podcast site. This talk explains how Learning2Gether came about, and how it draws on and expands its participants’ personal learning networks so that knowledge is shared informally and peer to peer. A crucial aspect of the learning that takes place there is where teachers model to one another how to use Web 2.0 tools to leverage lifelong learning through networking, and to apply these to classroom and other professional development opportunities. This talk is set in the context of a greater movement of communities of online educators finding innovative ways to train one another by organizing themselves in frameworks for learning ranging from free online conferences and informal seminars to MOOCs or massively open online courses.
Lifelong learning through lifelong friendships
Learning2gether is a weekly online teacher professional development event that has gone on in one form or another for almost 15 years and which draws for viability on a base of over 1000 members of a vibrant community of practice (CoP) known as Webheads in Action (WiA, or “Webheads” <http://webheads.info>. WiA in turn intersects with many other distributed learning networks populated by educators worldwide. The aim of this CoP is to pioneer and develop multiple means of sharing knowledge and resources within the community so that all can benefit through continual and sustained interaction with one another. WiA achieves this by lowering effective filters when welcoming newcomers to the group, and by forming friendships that take the concept of lifelong learning to the next level of sustained learning from colleagues who become lifelong friends.
WiA has cultivated strong ties with TESOL (Teachers of Speakers of Other Languages) through its CALL-IS (Computer-Assisted Language Learning Interest Section) <http://www.call-is.org/> and through the TESOL/CALL-IS-sponsored Electronic Village Online (EVO) <http://evosessions.pbworks.com>. The present author, was a founder of CALL-IS in 1985; co-founder of WiA in 1998, and has been a moderator and coordinator with EVO since 2002. As the Webheads CoP attracted more participants who were also active in TESOL, Webheads have become increasingly more involved with the CALL-IS steering committee. Learning2gether also acts locally, in the author’s case, the UAE, by posting its activities on the events page of the EdTech SIG website of the local affiliate of the international professional organization, TESOL Arabia (http://taedtech.ning.com) is no longer supported, but Learning2gether posts to the TESOL Arabia Facebook page, https://www.facebook.com/groups/TAEdTech/).
Since 2004 there has always been an EVO session called BaW (Becoming a Webhead) that introduces educators gently to tools and concepts in learning together from peers online. Since the online movement reaches participants from all over the world, and as the number of people identifying with WiA increases, so do the chances of face-to-face encounter during travels to or from, and especially at, international conferences and workshops. Frequent face-to-face encounters among Webheads have augmented their already productive online ties, multiplying the bonds and opportunities promoting learning.
How Learning2gether came about
The roots of Learning2gether (L2G) can be traced back to 1995 when I left a teaching and CALL coordinator position in Oman and took a job as courseware designer for a startup EFL software company in Cupertino, California. I had been teaching for 20 years by then and in my new office job I missed the stimulation of contact with students. So in my spare time I started teaching informally online with Study.com , a “free place to study world languages” in 2012 managed by its founder David Winet (Dave has since sold the domain). Early classes were organized and run by email, but by 1997 Dave was steering students and teachers who expressed interest in “3-D learning” into The Palace, an avatar-based space with multiple worlds, where he had arranged for a Virtual Schoolhouse to be created on a grant basis through a local hosting service friendly to education called Coterie. I met my Study.com students there.
Companies came and went quickly in Silicon Valley in those days, and when my company showed signs of insolvency I managed to get a job in Abu Dhabi helping set up a state-of-the-art language school for the UAE military. When the newly constructed school got its LAN working I began hanging out at the Palace, meeting students and other teachers who were attending classes with Study.com.
Writing for Webheads
My online teaching times were back to back with another class meeting in the Palace, given by Michael Coghlan and Maggie Doty. Our classes and students effectively merged, and I had the idea to set up a Web 1.0 website for our small group of teachers and students. There were trust issues at the time with sharing photos and other personal information online, which we overcame gradually in this early online community. After some initial hesitancy, students started sending their pictures to be posted on the site, and within a year or two, as more students and teachers joined us, many more sent photos, as can be seen in the gallery at the class portal for Writing for Webheads <http://prosites-vstevens.homestead.com/files/efi/webheads.htm>.
We started meeting regularly on Sundays, and we helped learners with their English by interacting with them purposefully and authentically, and encouraging them to write sentences, paragraphs, and essays which we could post online. We started posting transcriptions of our meetings at our website in 1998, which is how we can establish that our weekly meetings were coming to take place on Sundays, regularly at around noon GMT <http://prosites-vstevens.homestead.com/files/efi/chat1998.htm>.
That year 1998 was the same year that a company called Hear Me <http://www.hearme.com/> began developing a voice-enabled chat client that could be embedded in a web page. They provided chat hosting and the embed code for their plugin for free. Webheads were one of the early adopters and our Sunday meetings during which we could talk online with language learners began attracting teachers worldwide who were interested in the potential of live online voice technology. By the turn of the century students and teachers in Writing for Webheads were taking our weekly meetings on the air and sometimes participating in online conferences, I gave live demonstrations at conferences in Cyprus, Spain, Canada, and USA as well as UAE where students at a distance could interact with conference participants in real time. At the time we were surprised that we could make appointments with people we knew only virtually from half a world away to meet us online at a given time, and they would actually keep their appointments. This was critical, as time and again we were staking our professional reputations on what seemed like a tenuous chance that our students might or might not show up. But they always did, and I learned a valuable lesson. Given the right conditions, online learning works.
Webheads in Action and WiAOC
The following year I agreed to give an EVO session to explore those conditions for nurturing communities for successful learning online and in the process help other teachers to experience how to set up their own learning communities based on the Webheads model. ‘Helping others to experience’ was somewhat different from ‘showing’. The participants quickly jelled into a cohesive group, and many who assembled in that seminal year still interact with one another online. Thus Webheads in Action was officially started in 2002, eventually accumulating its own participant photo gallery <http://www.vancestevens.com/papers/evonline2002/webheads_evo.htm>.
WiA has grown since then to almost 1000 members in its Yahoo Group <http://groups.yahoo.com/group/evonline2002_webheads/>, which provides us with our main forum and ongoing record of membership. But Webheads interact in a number of other online spaces, often without participants having to register for anything. Pushing beyond simply a Yahoo ‘Group’, the WiA went on to consider itself a ‘community of practice’, and then successfully intersected with other similar communities in hosting three free online WiA Online Convergences in 2005, 2007, and 2009 <http://vancestevens.com/papers/evonline2002/wiaoc_index.htm>. This brought us in touch with hundreds of colleagues in what Downes (2006) would characterize as a distributive learning network (Stevens, 2009b).
We continue to leverage our social networks with other educators using Twitter, Facebook, Skype, WiZiQ, etc. (to name a few social online spaces that come to mind). Additionally we have formed loose but productive associations with Worldbridges <http://edtechtalk.com> and IATEFL, a robust professional organization that is quite good at leveraging its own social networks. As WiA in turn networks with hundreds of participants each year through EVO, it seems fair to say that our base of colleagues who either participate in or who are at least aware of what Webheads are up to on a regular basis must number in the thousands, and these are the colleagues whom Learning2gether reaches when it announces its events through our WiA network spaces.
Free online spaces for Learning2gether
Through the end of the first decade of the read-write century (Lessig, 2008), Webheads were exploring ways of bootstrapping each other’s knowledge through connecting with one another in multiple spaces, both online and face-to-face. We were sustaining this high level of connectivity totally without funding, apart from grants made to educational services and sometimes to Webheads as an entity itself. For example, our weekly meetings start out every noon GMT at TappedIn <http://tappedin.org>, a text-based environment created as a free virtual space for educators by SRI International with funding from the National Science Foundation, and servers provided by Sun Microsystems. Webheads have also been beneficiaries of a grant from LearningTimes <http://learningtimes.org> who provide us with a Blackboard/Collaborate (was Elluminate) virtual voice and webcam enabled meeting room which we also use most Sundays. Learningtimes also hosted without charge our three WiAOC conferences, including setting up the web interface for us and archiving our conference recordings.
At our last WiAOC conference Kim Cofino and Jeff Utecht introduced us to the concept of speed geeking <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_geeking>, a way of holding multiple short presentations in kiosks sharing one large physical space that are repeated as participants move on cue from one kiosk to another <http://ip.podcasters.tv/episodes/wiaoc-2009-kim-cofino-jeff-utecht-keynote-8472739.html>. We redefined the concept for our purposes as having multiple presenters come online for one of our weekly sessions and present one after another for the hour-long session, but in 2009 we attracted only one such presenter, Theresa Almeida d’Eca <http://learning2gether.posterous.com/teresa-almeida-deca-taggalaxy>. We did however manage to mount a similar event that year in Second Life where several presenters appeared in-world and teleported us one after another to virtual spaces they wanted to show us. We called it “speedlifing” (Stevens, 2009a)..
As we entered our second decade of 21st century learning, I felt that Webheads in Action was in need of a next step. Although people continued to stop by on Sundays, there seemed to be a waning of interest in our weekly text chats at TappedIn. We had pioneered the concept of putting on from scratch free class-roots <http://classroots.org/> online conferences (before 2005 the few that had been held had all been pay-walled) but having established that proof of concept, there didn’t seem sufficient interest in our group for wanted to devote the considerable time and effort to mount yet another when others were by then filling that vacuum for us. K-12 Online for example held their first free online conference in 2006 and is still going strong year after year. George Siemens started convening free online conferences in 2007 <http://elearningtech.blogspot.com/2007/10/free-online-conference-corporate.html>, pioneered the concept of MOOC in 2008 (McAuley,Stewart, Siemens, and Cormier, 2010); and now it seems there is a MOOC a minute.
WiA still formed a powerful and cohesive network, which is the greatest single asset of any aggregation of people online (as can be seen in the persistence of Facebook, Twitter, and similarly viable social networks). Our online community had this strong social bonding, plus friendship and spirit, and we had a number of free tools available and considerable experience nurturing communities-of-practice in online environments geared toward professional development and language learning. But we needed a breath of fresh life, an innovation.
As Clay Shirky (2010) argues in his book Cognitive Surplus, the tools are now in place for educators or anyone wishing to do good in the world to organize on a large scale significant movements for free that would have been impossible to organize before the advent of Web 2.0 (without paying for printing, envelopes, postage stamps, not to mention the labor of folding flyers, licking stamps, etc.). However, it’s not enough to have available tools. The network of people who can be reached using those tools must be in place as well. This is the formula by which Webheads in Action are able to mount such a distribution. (Stevens, 2011)
Sustaining its weekly meetings seemed vital to what our community was about, so I decided to reinvent them. My idea was to harness the energy of our CoP that had fed our Webheads in Action Online Convergences but avoid the sleep deprivation by having our community members give presentations not over 3 consecutive days, 72 hours running every other year, but spread throughout each year, week by week.
As with any endeavor of this nature, one has only to announce it, but getting it accepted with sufficient traction to push it past that essential critical mass is the hard part. For the first year, 2010, it seemed we almost never had an event lined up a week in advance. It was almost the same for much of the second year, but the movement is gaining credibility as the track record becomes established, and in 2012 our events are starting to be lined up several weeks ahead of time.
Getting the word out
Having mechanisms for announcing events is also critical to the process. It takes knowledge of and experience with social networking to do this successfully. I announce our events weekly to several Yahoo Group lists I’ve been involved with over the years, including the one for WiA, but people interested in cutting edge learning are following more inputs than just email. It helps to have a Twitter following, and I have recently started a Facebook group where I hope we can build a greater social net for our events. Our Posterous blog also becomes a social news dissemination site when people subscribe to it. Twitter and Facebook are both instrumental in cultivating personal learning networks, or PLN’s, and colleagues sometimes join our live sessions having read about them on Facebook or heard about them just then through postings on Twitter.
Ning is an effective way to organize a social network, but the service is no longer free. Steve Hargadon successfully uses Ning to organize his regular Classroom 2.0 events <http://www.classroom20.com/>, as does Heike Philp with AVALON <http://avalon-project.ning.com/> and Graham Stanley with APlanet <http://aplanet-project.org/>. Moodles are also successfully used to organize such events, as with the aforementioned CALL-IS <http://www.call-is.org/> and Nellie Deutsch’s Integrating Technology site <http://www.integrating-technology.org/>. Nellie also makes extensive use of the social aspects of WiZiQ to have it post announcements of her many events to Facebook, as well as to email <http://www.wiziq.com/nelliedeutsch>.
Getting real: Wiki-based for bottom-up PD
An important aspect of L2G is that it is bottom-up professional development. Busy educators are seriously annoyed when forced to make time for PD sessions by someone whose job it is to train them in what that person thinks they ought to know. L2G is premised on the idea that educators are intelligent enough to know what they need to get themselves to the next level. They are educators by profession and they can figure out how to learn. If they can learn during “training” fine, but they also realize that no one can help them learn as well as another educator who has achieved an edge in what it is they need to develop themselves. As is commonly said, ‘I love to learn, I just hate to be taught’. L2G gives educators who want to learn a mechanism for organizing themselves so that learning happens.
L2G is wiki-based. This means that anyone can join the wiki and write in the date and time they wish to present. They just need to explain when and how others can join them online, and write enough of a description that will attract peers to their presentation. Wikis are perfect for such “class roots” organization. The process isn’t idiot-proof, but mistakes can be easily rectified, as the owner of the wiki can get a feed of all changes and can revert the wiki to any previous version. That’s the theory but it only rarely works that presenters write in the wiki. In practice people usually negotiate timings with me and then have me write in the details, but either way, no one person decides what the program will be for a given week. Learning is driven by the participants in the process.
Getting around the site
Navigation is another critical aspect of mounting an online classroom where people will go with some expectation of being able to quickly figure out what they can learn there. Going on the DIYLMS model (do it yourself learning management system, (Stevens, 2012). I created a portal to manage the event at http://learning2gether.pbworks.com. I set up links in the sidebar to explanations of who we are, our call for participation, a page where our upcoming presentations can be listed, and an index of past events.
I set up a separate site at http://learning2gether.posterous.com where we archive our events. I chose Posterous for this because it will accept media uploads, including mp3 sound files. Posterous prides itself on having a range of plugins that will play a wide variety of media, often through just providing its link. For example, if I provide a link to a photo on Flickr, the photo appears in my posting; as does the appropriate embed activated by only a link to a Slideshare presentation or YouTube video. Also, when I upload mp3 files, a player displays to allow streaming or download of the media. However, Posterous does not Podcast these media (does not itself provide an RSS feed that will harvest the mp3 files). For this one must use Feedburner to set up a podcast feed from the Posterous blog. Thus I was able to set up a proper podcast feed for Learning2gether by using this mashup of free Web 2.0 tools.
Learning2gether is an ongoing effort to create a “small pieces loosely joined” (Weinberger, 2002) <http://www.smallpieces.com/index.php> online space where educators can come together on a regular basis and help one another learn more about aspects of their profession important to them. Weekly events are driven by presenters who volunteer their time and expertise to help all involved learn literally together. The events are organized using freely available Web 2.0 tools that anyone can understand and learn to use. L2G models the potential of these tools to participating teachers, so that all can get insights into how they can use such tools to promote learning in their students. L2G also models how teachers can form PLNs to organize similar events and extend their learning to their own professional environments.
Downes, S. (2006). Learning Networks and Connective Knowledge.
Retrieved on March 26, 2012 from http://it.coe.uga.edu/itforum/paper92/paper92.html .
Lessig, L. (2008). Remix: Making art and commerce thrive in the hybrid economy. London: Bloomsbury Academic. Retrieved on March 6, 2012 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/47089238/Remix.
McAuley, A., Stewart, B., Siemens, G, and Cormier, D. (2010). The MOOC model for digital practice. University of Prince Edward Island Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. Retrieved March 30, 2012 from http://davecormier.com/edblog/wp-content/uploads/MOOC_Final.pdf
Shirky, Clay. (2010). Cognitive Surplus: Creativity and Generosity in a Connected Age. New York: The Penguin Press.
Stevens,V. (2009a). Speedlifing. AdVancEducation. Retrieved March 28, 2012 from http://advanceducation.blogspot.com/2009/06/speedlifing.html .
Stevens, Vance. (2009b). Modeling Social Media in Groups, Communities, and Networks. TESL-EJ, Volume 13, Number 3: http://www.tesl-ej.org/wordpress/past-issues/volume13/ej51/ej51int/ .
Stevens, V. (2011). How cognitive surplus drives us to helping one another. AdVancEducation. Retrieved March 28, 2012 from
Stevens, Vance. (2012). Learner-centered Do-it-yourself Learning Management Systems. TESL-EJ, Volume 15, Number 4, pp. 1-14: http://tesl-ej.org/pdf/ej60/int.pdf. Also at http://www.tesl-ej.org/wordpress/issues/volume15/ej60/ej60int/
Weinberger, D. (2002). Small pieces loosely joined: An unifed view of the Web. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.
From Nina Liakos’s blog http://wiainphilly.blogspot.com/2012/03/saturday-nina.html
Draft March 30, 2012 available to anyone with this url (but the latest version is here in this blog post: http://tinyurl.com/l2g2012